An essential part of the symphony orchestra, the cello is also the second largest stringed instrument. Consisting of four strings that produce tones an octave lower than the viola, the cello closely resembles the human bass voice on the low end, and is very often associated with classical music; primarily in string quartets and orchestras. However, the cello can be used in other styles as well. In fact, heavy metal groups sometimes use the cello by adding a pickup to electrify the instrument, along with various effects pedals.
Cellos are constructed in both full and fractional sizes. Being a function of leg, arm and body length, the cello is more complex than the violin or viola to size properly.
Designed for beginners, student cellos are often made by machine. For high friction points such as pegs and the fingerboard, maple is sometimes used, often dyed to look like expensive ebony. These cellos are affordable for most budgets and make a great option for players still in the early development stages.
These cellos have better quality wood and craftsmanship. Often made by hand, they sound better and can also accommodate advanced players. Extensive hand graduation of the cellos top and back creates a war and refined sound, and the pegs and fingerboard and often made of ebony. Depending on how high in quality the wood and craftsmanship is on an intermediate cello, they're even capable of approaching a professional performance level.