Pakistan - The situation in Pakistan is a complex one. There is a curious mixture of acceptance and rejection of the dhol, the dholis, as well as music in general.
There are some positive aspects. Some have suggested that the dhol is of Persian import, and the area of present day Pakistan may be one of the first areas of South Asia to adopt this instrument. The dhol, is often used by Sufis and is commonly found at qawwaliperformances at dargas (burial shrines to Muslim saints) and other pilgrimage places.
But all is not well in this regard. The performers of the dhol have long occupied a lower position in Pakistani society. For as long as anyone can remember, musicians have been marginalised in this region; but the situation is getting worse. The rise of Wahhabi influenced fundamentalism is putting Sufism, music, and musicians on the defensive.
Other Countries - The dhol is present throughout the Middle East and Eastern Europe. It is only natural that as we move through such a diverse linguistic area that there will emerge major changes in pronunciation and nomenclature. For instance in Afghanistan and Persia, thedhol is referred to to as "duhul", or "dohol". The construction also begins to change. It begins to change its form and morph into the "tabl-baladi" of Egypt, or the medieval tabor found in Europe. All of these are interesting, but it becomes clear that we are geographically, culturally, and historically at the very boundaries of the dhol.